The term ‘family allowance’ refers to two types of financial support provided by both levels of government for eligible families with one or more dependent children under the age of 18. To be eligible, at least one parent must reside in Quebec and be a Canadian citizen, permanent resident or recognized as a protected person. Asylum-seeking parents are not eligible, even for a child who is born in Quebec. The Quebec family allowance is paid monthly or quarterly by Retraite Québec, and the Canada Child Tax Benefit is paid monthly by the Canada Revenue Agency. The amount of the allowance is calculated on the basis of the number of dependent children, family income and marital status.